Subject and predicate | what is Subject and predicate?

Every sentence have two part: the subject and the predicate. The subject is the first part of sentence. It it’ll us what what the sentences is about.

for example

Ajayita is a teacher of german.
Ajayita’s school is in Bhubaneswar.
Lucky and saumya play chess every evening.

The predicate come after the subject and content of tell us something about the subject.

Ajayita is a teacher of german.
Ajayita’s school is in Bhubaneswar.
Lucky and saumya play chess every evening.

Subject :is a first part of the sentence ;tells us what or who the sentence is about.

Jerry sister is subject

Predicate: comes after the subject; contains a verb ; tells something about the subject.

Attend piano classes on is a predicate

Subject: form and function

The subject in a sentence usually a noun or noun phrase. Other types of words, when they occur as subject, behave like noun.

Fruits contain vitamins.(noun as subject)
The exercises in the maths textbook are difficult.(noun phrase as subject)
Smoking is banned here. (gerund*as subject)

Imperative sentences Mein appeared to have no subject. That is because the subject in them is you, which is implied, and so it is omitted.
(You) write the heading first.
(You) raise your left leg.
(You) add a little water to the batter.

Questions, or interrogative sentence, do not start with the subject. The subject in question come after the verb that start the sentences.
For example= is Ajayita is teacher of German?
Do lucky and Saumya play chess every evening?
Are the Math exercise difficult?

The subject does not come first in exclamatory sentence either.
For example= how cute the baby is!
What are brave effort!
How great the teachings of Gandhi are!

Predicate: form and function

The predicate must contain our. It can also contain other elements like object, complements or and adverbials all depending on the nature of the verb.
Merin sings. (verb-only predicate)
Merin sings a song. ( predicate with the verb and object.
Neha told us an interesting story. ( predicate with a verb and two object direct:{ an interesting story} and indirect({ua})
This place look familiar.
( predicate with verb and complement)
Renuka met Marine in the park.
( predicate with the verb, an object and an adverbial)

Circle the subject and underline the predicate in the following sentence.

  1. The wax polished look like ice cream.
  2. Did you leave the back door open?
  3. Baking in a cake is not as easy as eating it.
  4. Kalyan, Narmada and Madhu have decided to learn yoga.
  5. I found a dead rat inside the wardrobe.
  6. Are Samuel’s brothers seller.
  7. The trainer is running around the playground.
  8. Have you submitted the application form?
  9. Do not open that box.
  10. Will you bring that bouquet to the lecture hall?
  11. Stop the player from leaving the ground.

Write your own subject for the following predicates.

1. __is an amazing dancer.
2.__ love to go rafting in the river.
3.__ bought me a   watch and cap.
4.__ become weak with age.
5.__ are the best engineer we have.
6.__ start fighting whenever their parents are away.
7.__ has booked a ticket for the evening show.
8.__ will not reached here tomorrow.

Write your own predicate for the following subject.

  1. Nina and I____
  2. Some of the onion in this bag __
  3. Birds____
  4. Jennifer____
  5. She____
  6. This Island____
  7. actor____
  8. Those who have scored less than 30____


  1. Yes no question the reply to these questions is yes or no.
    Have you had your lunch?
    Is there a lizard in the kitchen?
    Will she go out this evening?
  2. WH question these question are formed using question word like what why, when who were and how.
    The reply to them is not a simple yes or no, but one from an open range of responses.
    Question= where is Nithya house?
    Answer= it’s in Lalbhagh.
    Question= why cannot you write down the instructions?
    Answer= because I do not have time.
    Question= how do you open this?
    Answer= by turning the knob in the anticlockwise direction.
  3. Alternative question the reply to alternative question is one of the option give by the question itself.
    Would you like to watch TV or chat online?
    Is her name Ashwani or Anusha?
    Will he sing a song or do a magic trick?

Yes no questions

Yes no questions are usually formed by placing the word before the subject.
Your hand are wet. Are your hand wet?
Ricardo was playing football. Was record of playing football?
Hussain is a painter – is Hussain a painter?
people should protect trees. Should people protect trees?
Adil has returned from China. Has Adil returned from China?

When there is a helping verb in the statement, it question from will have the structure.
Helping verb + object + main verb + other part of the predicate.

When there is no helping verb in the statement, as in sentence in the simple present or the simple past we will need to supply do does or did as shown in the table below.

Simple present

Does + subject + base from of the verb + other part of the predicate.
For example: Suraj make tea. Does Suraj make tea?
The earth goes around the sun. Does the Earth go around the sun?

Simple past

Did + subject + base from the verb + other part of the predicate.
The satellite went around the earth. Did the satellite go around the earth?
You painted the wall. Did you paint the wall?
I feel asleep. Did I fall asleep?

Rewrite the following statement as yes no question

  1. bamboo is a type of grass.
  2. Sania is watering the plant.
  3. Fernandes was the captain of a ship.
  4. She eat three bananas every morning.
  5. Zarina will come home tomorrow.
  6. Some fish can stay out of water for a long time.7. It would be better to go to the city in the morning .
  7. You can enter the house through the back door.
  8. Dilip, farhan and ameya Practice for an hour in the evening.
  9. Reshma disliked chapattis his when she was a kid.
  10. Jacquiline dream that she had become a movie star.
  11. You created a fuss about the leaking tap yesterday.

Tag question and question have the nature of yes no question. A tag question is a short question added after a statement. Attack question accept and agree reply from the hearer.
For example= Monica is a beautician, is not she ?
(Reply: yes she is.)
We are not going to Jaipur again , are we?
(Reply: no, we are not.)
Sonia has married Malik has not she?
(Reply: yes, she has.)

A declarative question is a statement that is focal like a question with a rising tone at the end.
You’ve got some money?
Daddy’s at home?
The teacher has checked your answer sheet?

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