• ‘Success Doesn’t See Gender’ says entrepreneur Kavita Sugandh
    This International Women’s Day meet Kavita Sugandh who has carved out a niche for herself as a successful entrepreneur in the Indian direct selling industry. Here she describes her journey from making Rs 35,000 in her first job to notching up a seven-figure income in US dollars. Tell us a bit about your background and how it influenced your decision to become an entrepreneur. I come from Nagpur from a traditional business family. My father encouraged me to start earning on my own from an early age. I always knew I wanted to do something on my own. However, lack of enough capital to get started was holding me back. After eight years of working for leading MNCs, I quit my job and started an HR consultancy business. That was my first venture into entrepreneurship. So how did you go from there to direct selling? What attracted you to it? At the consultancy business, I was the CEO, administrator, and the clerk, all rolled into one since I couldn’t afford to hire anyone. Through hard work, I was able to grow the business but my company was centered around me. I could not afford to fall sick or go on vacation since a lot of money was at stake. Also, all the profits seemed to only appear on paper and never in the bank! (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Two years after I started the business, a family friend told my husband and me about direct selling. The opportunity was through QNet, a prominent Asian direct selling company from Hong Kong. I went for one of QNet’s international conventions. Here, I attended training programs and interacted with other distributors from around the world. I was inspired by what I learned. Returning home, I closed down my HR business to focus on direct selling instead. How long did it take you before you achieved some level of success with the new business venture? For the first 18 months, I didn’t make any money. I faced severe setbacks and rejections. That made me angry but it also fueled my hunger to do better. When I earned my first major commission cheque after 18 months of hard work, the wait was totally worth it! I have never shied away from hard work, but as an entrepreneur with QNet I have experienced hard work at a whole new level. Has it been difficult being a woman in this business? I think men find it far more difficult. Women usually have all the traits needed to succeed in direct selling. We don’t need a special Women’s Day to talk about everything that’s good about being a woman. Success doesn’t see gender. It comes to those who put their blood and sweat into and are deserving of it. Your advice to the young generation of women who aspire to be entrepreneurs. In India, even today, in many places, young women or girl children are dissuaded from taking up a career. In my opinion, we celebrate Women’s Day because we don’t consider women as equal to men. I tell the women in my organisation that their success is entirely up to them. They need to believe they can be successful and be willing to put in the work needed for it.
  • ‘C’ programs are converted into machine language with the help of an interpreter.
    Each statement below is either TRUE or FALSE. Choose the most appropriate one
    and ENTER in the “tear-off” sheet attached to the question paper, following
    instructions therein.
    2.1 ‘C’ programs are converted into machine language with the help of an interpreter.
    2.2 Every ‘C’ program must contain a main( ).
    2.3 Putchar( ) is used only for single character input.
    2.4 calloc(…) allocates a block of memory for an array of elements of a certain size.
    2.5 A printf( ) statement can generate only one line of output.
    2.6 A switch expression can be of any data type.
    2.7 ‘While’ is an entry as well as exit controlled loop statement.
    2.8 ‘C’ treats character string simply as arrays of characters.
    2.9 A function in ‘C’ should have at least one argument.
    2.10 sprintf(…) writes data to the character array whereas printf(…) writes data to the
    standard output device.
  • ‘C’ Programming Language was developed and written by
    1.1 ‘C’ Programming Language was developed and written by
    A) Martin Richards
    B) Dennis Ritchie
    C) Ken Thompson
    D) Herman Hellorith
  • ‘C’ is a block structured language
    a) ‘C’ is a block structured language. What is the use of this? Give an example to illustrate this.
  • ‘C’ compiler supports many pre-processor commands
    c) ‘C’ compiler supports many pre-processor commands. Write their names.